In July 2022, banks operating in Nigeria borrowed a staggering amount of N4.5 trillion from the Central Bank of Nigeria, an increase of 27% month over month from the N3.6 trillion borrowed in June 2022.
To access short-term funding from the apex bank, banks can use the Standing Lending Facility and Repo lending.
In addition to lending money to banks through the SLF, which has an interest rate 100 basis points higher than the current Monetary Policy Rate of 14%, the CBN also does so through repurchase agreements (Repo).
Repos are usually considered less risky due to their short-term maturity status and the backing of the government.
In the month under review, the CBN financial data shows that banks borrowing through the SLF dropped by 24.37 per cent MoM to N1.46tn in July, from N1.93tn in June, while borrowing through Repo arrangement rose sharply in July by 86.1 per cent MoM to N3.07tn from N1.65tn in June 2022.
Experts have however expressed that the money market is getting tighter due to macro-economy headwinds.
The Vice President, Highcap Securities Limited, Mr. David Adnori, expressed uncertainty over the nation’s economy, saying the hike in interest rate and rising inflation rates had forced many banks to the CBN lending window especially in July.
He said, “Banks without liquidity might have trigger the high borrowing from the CBN. Besides, economic uncertainty has started to surface following the 2023 general elections.”
Also, speaking, the Chief Executive Officer, Cowry Asset Management Limited, Johnson Chukwu, linked the development to low liquidity on the part of the banks.
He said, ““The level of involvement of FAAC was not quite high in that month, there was no major inflow into the financial system and in the same month of July, there was a major outflow including the N180bn Dangote loan.
“So those outflows impacted pressures on the bank’s system liquidity that compelled banks to increase their borrowing from the lending facility.”
Meanwhile, further findings showed that banks during the first seven months of 2022 borrowed N13.36tn, representing a decline of 24 per cent from N17.9tn borrowed in the prior seven months of 2021.
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